Peruvian Coffee Regions - A Contrast in Quality and Type of Coffee Available

By Timothy S. Collins

Peru is the third largest South American country and the world's sixth largest coffee producer. Almost 90% of all Peruvian coffee produced is exported and it is one of Peru's major exports.

Because of the mild nature of most coffee produced by Peru, it is used primarily for blending, French-roast and as a flavored-coffee base. However, Peru's Central Region in particular, has gained recognition as a high ranking producer of quality, certified organic coffee.

Peru's coffee and agricultural producing regions include the Northern, Central and Southern Regions. They are situated in the heavily forested north-eastern slopes of the Andes. The coffee growers are small farmers who produce a mild Arabica, with exceptions among farmers who are devoted to producing organic coffee only.

A formidable obstacle to any agricultural production is the challenge of the Andes mountains, the lack of good transportation networks and the complex Amazon River basin system. Such challenges add to the production costs and make coffee farming more complicated in Peru than in other countries. The good news is that coffee producers, coffee exporters and the government are working together to improve the image of Peruvian coffee worldwide. One can say with confidence that the future looks bright for Peruvian coffee.

A few interesting facts about the Peruvian coffee regions,

Northern Region: The largest coffee growing areas in this region are Jaén, Bagua, San Ignacio, Cajamarca, Piura, Amazonas and San Martin.

  • Coffees from this region are typically the most unreliable and difficult to categorize. This is the newest area to produce coffee, with the highest number of uneducated coffee farmers and traders, and the biggest distance from Lima. Clean northern coffees have a smoky, earthy flavor and are the mildest of Peru. There are, however, some northern coffees that have a superb full body and delicate sweetness as well such as from the Cajamarca area.

Central Region: This region is well suited for coffee shade farming techniques. Many coffee growers follow sustainable agricultural practices and they adhere to organic fertilization and weed control methods which are very good for the environment. The most established coffee farming areas in this region include Villa Rica and La Merced.

  • The peak harvest in the Central Region is usually a few months apart from the peak harvest availability of washed Central American coffees. This gives Peruvian coffee producers an advantage in coffee markets although weather fluctuations often have unpredictable effects that can change the supply and demand quickly.

Southern Region: This region includes the smallest coffee growing area of Quillabamba with towns such as Ayacucho, Cuzco and Puno.

  • Puno coffees are full-bodied and very citrus-like tasting. Unfortunately, their production is very low per year and they are very rare due to their remote location on the high Bolivia-Peru border. Cuzco is one of the oldest and largest producing areas of Peru. Cuzco is also home to the famous Incan ruins of Machu Picchu. Cuzco coffee offers fruity acidity and it is among the most consistently balanced Peruvian coffees.

What about a delicious cup of Peruvian Shade Grown Organic coffee?

Timothy S. Collins
Article by Timothy S. Collins
Timothy ("Tim") S. Collins, the author, is called by those who know him "The Gourmet Coffee Guy." He is an expert in article writing who has done extensive research online and offline in his area of expertise, coffee marketing, as well as in other areas of personal and professional interest. Come visit the author's website:

© Copyright - Timothy S. Collins. All Rights Reserved Worldwide.

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